How to become a civil engineer – Civil Engineering Subjects List

Civil Engineering:

The main responsibility of a Civil Engineer is to plan, design, construct and maintain all the infrastructure that we see in the current world which consists of buildings, roads, bridges, sewers, dams, tunnels etc. It has been present since the ancient ages of Harrapa and Mohan jo Daro. If you want to know how to become a civil engineer then this blog is for you. This field has a wide scope of a career.

How to become a civil engineer and Civil Engineering Subjects List

Civil Engineering Branches

There is a need for strong infrastructure in this current generation and you need to meet the civil engineering sectors that have been classified on the following basis:

Materials science and engineering– You will get to know about concrete and iron which are used in constructions by opting for this fundamental study of materials.

Coastal engineering– This study is about preventing the coastal erosions and shoreline processing.

Construction engineering– You will be dealing with the construction of airports, tunnels, roads, bridges, dams, railroads, etc. If you choose the line of Construction engineering.

Earthquake engineering– Disaster due to earthquake can be prevented with the help of Earthquake Engineering.

Environmental engineering– This study has the main motto to reduce the harmful effects caused by hazardous wastes and keep the surroundings safe.

Geo-Technical engineering– This is the study of soil and rocks and statues made out of soil and rock.

Structural engineering– Construction of structural systems and their components is what you are going to learn here.

Municipal or urban engineering

You will be dealing with the construction of parks, streets, sewer systems, waterworks if you are a part of this Civil engineering job.

Eligibility Criteria: How to Become a Civil Engineer:

You need to join an Engineering college and clear the bachelor degree in this stream. In the 12th exam, you must have chosen science stream (PCM).

Career Path:

How to become a Civil Engineer:

STEP 1- attempt an Entrance Test:

There are various state or entrance level entrance exams that you need to clear:

1. AIEEE (All India Engineering Entrance Exams)

2. JEE Main (Joint Entrance Exam Main)

3. AICET (All India Common Entrance Test) etc.

Your admission process based on the entrance test results

Step2: Acquire a Civil Engineering degree from a reputed college.

Step 3: If you are interested to work on public projects then you need to become a licensed professional engineer. There is a pre-requisite exam that you need to clear with a working experience of four years.

Aliter Method

Step 1: You can also get a Diploma in Civil Engineering from any Government Polytechnics.

Civil Engineering Entrance Examination:

  • BITSAT :- Birla Institute of Technology and Science Examination

  • AIEEE :- All India Engineering Entrance Examination

  • AICET :- All India Common Entrance Test

  • IIT JEE :- Indian Institute of Technology for Joint Entrance Examination

  • TNPCEE :- Tamil Nadu Professional Courses Entrance Examination

The pre-requisite for this examination is that the candidate must have cleared 12th in Science stream with Physics and Mathematics from any recognized School like CBSE. You must have a 60 % mark in 12th at the least.

M.Tech in Civil Engineering :

After clearing your B. Tech in Civil Engineering with PCM from any recognized university if you wish to continue post graduation courses then you can apply for M.Tech in Civil Engineering.

Entrance Examination for in Civil Engineering:-

  • PGECET:- Post Graduate Engineering Common Entrance Test

  • GATE:- Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering

  • SRMEEE:- SRM Engineering Entrance Examination

  • TANCET:- Tamil Nadu Common Entrance Test

You can also get Civil Engineering jobs after 10th by applying for civil engineering courses for a diploma program and join as junior engineers after the course completion.

Career Prospects in Civil Engineering

You can get civil engineering jobs in both private and public sectors. The current day trends of modern constructions which are developing rapidly have a huge demand in this field. So if you are looking for how to become a civil engineer then this article is for you.

Civil Engineering Jobs in private firms

  • Assistant Civil Engineer

  • Assistant Project Manager

  • Project Manager

  • Site Engineer

  • Purchase and Quality control Executive

  • Civil Engineer

Civil Engineering jobs in India


  • Simplex Infrastructures

  • GVK


  • GMR


  • SOMA

  • B Seenaiah & Co

  • DLF Laing O’Rourke

Civil Engineering Subjects List For B Tech

Semester 1

1) Environment and Energy Studies

2) Computer Programming

3) Calculus


5)Elements of Electrical Engineering

6) Critical Thinking

7) Communication Skills

8)Electrical Workshop Practices

Semester: II

1) English/Foreign Language

2) Mechanical Workshop Practices

3) Mechanics of Solids

4) Linear Algebra

5) Yoga and Meditation

6) Physics

7) Engineering Graphics

Semester: III

1) Community Services

2) Surveying-I

3) Engineering Mathematics

4) Building and Town Planning

5) Structural Mechanics-I

6) Building Construction Materials

7) Ethics and Values

8) Concrete Technology

9) Ethics and Values

Semester: IV

1) Surveying-II

2) Geology and Geotechnical Engineering

3) Building Construction


5) Seminar

6) Fluid mechanics

7) Surveying-II

8) Structural Mechanics-II

9)Building Construction

10) ICT Tools and Security

Semester: V

1)Mini Project -I

2) Fractional Course

3) Design of Structures-I

4)Creativity and Innovation

5) Water Resources and Irrigation

6) Transportation Engineering-I

7) Environmental Engineering-I

8) Advanced Construction

9)Foundation Engineering

Semester: VI

1) Elective I

2) Elective II

3) Design of Structure -II

4) Environmental Engineering-II

5) Transportation Engineering-II

6)Elective I

7) Law for Engineers

8)Capstone Course

9) Law for Engineers

Semester: VII

1) Elective III

2) Desing of Structures-III

3) Construction and Project Management

4) Professional Practice

5) University Elective

6) Minor Project

7)Practical Training

8) Organizational Behavior

Semester: VIII

1) Major Project

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