The main responsibility of a Civil Engineer is to plan, design, construct and maintain all the infrastructure that we see in the current world which consists of buildings, roads, bridges, sewers, dams, tunnels etc. It has been present since the ancient ages of Harrapa and Mohan jo Daro. If you want to know how to become a civil engineer then this blog is for you. This field has a wide scope of a career.
Civil Engineering Branches
There is a need for strong infrastructure in this current generation and you need to meet the civil engineering sectors that have been classified on the following basis:
Materials science and engineering– You will get to know about concrete and iron which are used in constructions by opting for this fundamental study of materials.
Coastal engineering– This study is about preventing the coastal erosions and shoreline processing.
Construction engineering– You will be dealing with the construction of airports, tunnels, roads, bridges, dams, railroads, etc. If you choose the line of Construction engineering.
Earthquake engineering– Disaster due to earthquake can be prevented with the help of Earthquake Engineering.
Environmental engineering– This study has the main motto to reduce the harmful effects caused by hazardous wastes and keep the surroundings safe.
Geo-Technical engineering– This is the study of soil and rocks and statues made out of soil and rock.
Structural engineering– Construction of structural systems and their components is what you are going to learn here.
Municipal or urban engineering–
You will be dealing with the construction of parks, streets, sewer systems, waterworks if you are a part of this Civil engineering job.
Eligibility Criteria: How to Become a Civil Engineer:
You need to join an Engineering college and clear the bachelor degree in this stream. In the 12th exam, you must have chosen science stream (PCM).
How to become a Civil Engineer:
STEP 1- attempt an Entrance Test:
There are various state or entrance level entrance exams that you need to clear:
1. AIEEE (All India Engineering Entrance Exams)
2. JEE Main (Joint Entrance Exam Main)
3. AICET (All India Common Entrance Test) etc.
Your admission process based on the entrance test results
Step2: Acquire a Civil Engineering degree from a reputed college.
Step 3: If you are interested to work on public projects then you need to become a licensed professional engineer. There is a pre-requisite exam that you need to clear with a working experience of four years.
Step 1: You can also get a Diploma in Civil Engineering from any Government Polytechnics.
Civil Engineering Entrance Examination:
BITSAT :- Birla Institute of Technology and Science Examination
AIEEE :- All India Engineering Entrance Examination
AICET :- All India Common Entrance Test
IIT JEE :- Indian Institute of Technology for Joint Entrance Examination
TNPCEE :- Tamil Nadu Professional Courses Entrance Examination
The pre-requisite for this examination is that the candidate must have cleared 12th in Science stream with Physics and Mathematics from any recognized School like CBSE. You must have a 60 % mark in 12th at the least.
M.Tech in Civil Engineering :
After clearing your B. Tech in Civil Engineering with PCM from any recognized university if you wish to continue post graduation courses then you can apply for M.Tech in Civil Engineering.
Entrance Examination for M.tech in Civil Engineering:-
PGECET:- Post Graduate Engineering Common Entrance Test
GATE:- Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering
SRMEEE:- SRM Engineering Entrance Examination
TANCET:- Tamil Nadu Common Entrance Test
You can also get Civil Engineering jobs after 10th by applying for civil engineering courses for a diploma program and join as junior engineers after the course completion.
Career Prospects in Civil Engineering
You can get civil engineering jobs in both private and public sectors. The current day trends of modern constructions which are developing rapidly have a huge demand in this field. So if you are looking for how to become a civil engineer then this article is for you.
Civil Engineering Jobs in private firms
Assistant Civil Engineer
Assistant Project Manager
Purchase and Quality control Executive
Civil Engineering jobs in India
B Seenaiah & Co
DLF Laing O’Rourke
Civil Engineering Subjects List For B Tech
1) Environment and Energy Studies
2) Computer Programming
5)Elements of Electrical Engineering
6) Critical Thinking
7) Communication Skills
8)Electrical Workshop Practices
1) English/Foreign Language
2) Mechanical Workshop Practices
3) Mechanics of Solids
4) Linear Algebra
5) Yoga and Meditation
7) Engineering Graphics
1) Community Services
3) Engineering Mathematics
4) Building and Town Planning
5) Structural Mechanics-I
6) Building Construction Materials
7) Ethics and Values
8) Concrete Technology
9) Ethics and Values
2) Geology and Geotechnical Engineering
3) Building Construction
6) Fluid mechanics
8) Structural Mechanics-II
10) ICT Tools and Security
1)Mini Project -I
2) Fractional Course
3) Design of Structures-I
4)Creativity and Innovation
5) Water Resources and Irrigation
6) Transportation Engineering-I
7) Environmental Engineering-I
8) Advanced Construction
1) Elective I
2) Elective II
3) Design of Structure -II
4) Environmental Engineering-II
5) Transportation Engineering-II
7) Law for Engineers
9) Law for Engineers
1) Elective III
2) Desing of Structures-III
3) Construction and Project Management
4) Professional Practice
5) University Elective
6) Minor Project
8) Organizational Behavior
1) Major Project
Visit SayTooLoud to know more about Civil Engineering Courses.